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Map of the Mot Creek with the post Brandwacht

Map of the Mot Creek with the post Brandwacht
 
 

Title Leupe: "Kaart van de defensie der Motkreek in Suriname”.
This map shows the post Brandwacht (‘Fire Watch’, a term generally used in the Dutch colonies at that time to indicate a first-alert post) on Mot Creek, which was built in 1685 on the orders of Governor Van Aerssen van Sommelsdijck as a permanent observation and alarm post on the sailing route along the east coast to the mouth of the Surinam River. In the later eighteenth century, the post Brandwacht consisted of a redoubt on the eastern bank of the creek, about three-quarters of a kilometre from the mouth, with a separate picket station on the sea coast. The anonymous map above, dating from around 1776, reproduces the entire creek from the portage on the then northern border of the plantation area near the estates Clemensburg and Zeewijk (see the indication of the ‘Dames’
dams
on these plantations), with a ground plan of the small fort itself on the inset map. In view of the clumsy language used in the legends, the maker was certainly not a Dutchman. See for comparison the 1785 map by the surveyor Adrianus Hendricus Helledaij on VEL 1958, on which the estates to be assigned later farther to the north along Mot Creek are shown in projection.
North is lower left.
Scale-bars of [inset map] 90 feet = [approximately 1 : 385] / [profile] 20 feet = [approximately 1 : 75].

creator Anoniem / Anonymous

(land surveyor / mapmaker)

period

ca. 1776

material paper
category drawing
technique coloured drawing
inscriptiion

Verklaringen: [rechtsboven] een legenda bij de letters a, b, o, P en m : Explanations: [upper right] a key to the letters a, b, o, P and m : aaa Dames of Polders der Pl:e Clem[ensburg]. bbb. dito [of Polders der] dito [Zeewijk]. o. Overdom. P.P. Borstweer. m.m. Een Oopening [v]an En 4 Ketting diep aen de Bijde Sijd van de Crieq. [rechtsonder, inzetkaart] een legenda bij de letters A t/m E, y, n en P : [lower right, inset map] a key to the letters A to E, y, n and P : A. Cazernes van Verdieping. B. Keuke van de Soldaet. C. Een Vogel huijsie. D. Keuk van de Officier. E. gemaek Huijsie. y. Embrasures En Petting vor de Canons. n. Kooker en Scheluijsie om Watter in de Gragt nae goed will, te Konen houden. P. Pallissadeering over de Crieq. Anoniem / Anonymous

dimension

97,5 x 64 cm.

number

VELH266

owner Nationaal Archief
location(s) Mot Creek
fortification(s) Brandwagt, post (Mot Creek)

Map/Chart/Plan   fortification  

Literature

  • Heijer, H. den, Grote Atlas van de West-Indische Compagnie = Comprehensive Atlas of the Dutch West India Company, II, de nieuwe WIC 1674-1791 = the new WIC 1674-1791 (Voorburg, 2012), 383