Title Leupe: Afteekening van het Eyland Curaçao.
This uncoloured, extensively annotated outline map of Curaçao dating from 1738 by naval Captain Cornelis Philipsz Schrijver was a supplement to his report to the Amsterdam Chamber of the WIC on 10 October 1738 and his preceeding memorandum dated 18 August 1737, in which he gave an account of his investigation into the condition of the fortifications on Curaçao. In 1737 Schrijver, an experienced and successful naval officer, who would be appointed vice-admiral in 1744 and Admiral of the Fleet of the Amsterdam Admiralty four years later, had been commissioned by the States-General to do this inspection, prompted in part by the threat of a new war in Europe arising from the succession to the Austrian throne. The main outlines of his recommendations concerned the construction of five new small forts to the west of Sint Anna Bay, namely at Sint Kruis Bay (Santa Cruz Bay), Porto Marie (Portomarí), Bullen Bay, Sint Michiel Bay and Piscadera Bay. Schrijver was dubious about the feasibility of the Company plans to build new fortifications along the entire south coast and the reinforcement of the defences at Willemstad because of the lack of supply of potable water for the inhabitants and the soldiers. This can be read in the extensive explanatory note on this map. In 1739 this difference of opinions was a contributory factor in the dissension between the WIC and the Admiralty of Amsterdam, as a result of which new project plans for the defence of Curaçao were drawn up by military engineers from the army of the States-General after 1741.
North is up.
Scale-bar of 3 Meijlen van 15 in een Graadt = [approximately 1 : 195,000].
(land surveyor / mapmaker)
Verklaringen: [rechtsboven] een uitvoerige aantekening waarin de ondergetekende kapitein-ter-zee Cornelis Schrijver vanwege het algemene gebrek aan goed drinkwater op Curaçao zijn twijfels uit over de haalbaarheid van het voornemen Willemstad en alle voor vijandelijke landingen geschikte locaties langs de kust te versterken; niet getranscribeerd. Explanations: [upper right] an extensive note in which the undersigned, naval Captain Cornelis Schrijver, expresses his doubts regarding the feasibility of the intended fortification of Willemstad and all locations along the coast of Curaçao where enemy forces would be able to land, in view of the general shortage of suitable drinking water on the island; not transcribed. Schrijver, Cornelis
35 x 51 cm.
|location(s)||Willemstad Piscaderabaai Sint Michielsbaai Vaersenbaai Bullenbaai Porto Marie St. Kruis Westpunt (Curaçao) Caracas Bay Barbara Strand Fuik Baai|
- Heijer, H. den, Grote Atlas van de West-Indische Compagnie = Comprehensive Atlas of the Dutch West India Company, II, de nieuwe WIC 1674-1791 = the new WIC 1674-1791 (Voorburg, 2012), 46