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Map of French Guyana

Map of French Guyana
 
 

Title Leupe: Plan de la Côte de la Guiane Francoise, depuis Caienne jusqu'a l'emboushure de la riviere Maroni, et du cours de cette riviere depuis son embouchure, jusqu'au premier saut etc.
In the Fourth Anglo-Dutch War (1780-1784), France was an ally of the Republic. Both in the East (Cape Colony, Ceylon) as in the West (Sint Eustatius, Essequibo, Demerara, Berbice) French expeditionary fleets watched over the Dutch in this conflict to prevent the premature loss of important overseas possessions, but even so most of them still had to be ceded to Great Britain during the Napoleonic period. Hence, it was not strange that, at the beginning of November 1781, Governor Bernhard Texier of Surinam sent the military engineer Johann Friedrich Ferdinand Wollant to the neighbouring French colony of Cayenne to confer with the authorities there about reciprocal military aid (in other words, about French assistance to the Dutch colonies) and the supply of French weapons, ammunition and food. During this mission, which lasted until the end of January 1782, as well as his other commissions, Wollant collected data for his fine general map of the coast between Paramaribo and Cayenne under number VEL667. Most likely, this is one of the maps he took home. This French survey ranges from the Marowijne River to Cayenne and depicts all major rivers reaching the ocean. The Arimina and Sibarigné Creeks of the Marowijne are also drawn out because they were hotbeds of the Maroon communities. This last aspect was undoubtedly interesting for Wollant; he was tasked to design the Cordon of Defence in east Suriname earlier and the Maroon migration into French Guyana remained a weakness of this cordon.
Scale-bar of 13 Miles = 180 ‘strepen’.

creator Anoniem / Anonymous

(land surveyor / mapmaker)

period

ca. 1781

material

paper

category drawing
technique

pen

dimension

0.375 - 0.76 El.

number

VEL2148

VEL2148A

VEL2148B

owner Nationaal Archief
location(s) Cayenne Marowijne River
fortification(s) S. Louis, fort (Cayenne)

Map/Chart/Plan   Asians, Africans & Americans  

Literature

  • Heijer, H. den, Grote Atlas van de West-Indische Compagnie = Comprehensive Atlas of the Dutch West India Company, II, de nieuwe WIC 1674-1791 = the new WIC 1674-1791 (Asia Maior/Atlas Maior, Voorburg, 2012), 208 and 313