Vila Velha, siege works at

The town Nossa Senhora da Conceição, nowadays called Vila Velha, held out for quite some time when the WIC attempted to conquer the region in the early 1630s. The Dutch were forced to construct a variety of siege works around it. They first constructed a redoubt on the beach to protect the people that built Fort Orange and further to the north a fortified camp (see documentation, and Nationaal Archief, inv. nr 4.AANW_1417) The Portuguese even mounted a rescue attempt at the end of 1632 led by the Neapolitan commander Bagnuolo, which was repelled by the Dutch.

Sources and literature

Brommer, B., Grote Atlas van de West-Indische Compagnie = Comprehensive Atlas of the Dutch West India Company, I de oude WIC 1621-1674 = the old WIC 1621-1674 (2011)