Rijswijk, fort (II)

Fort Rijswijk II was built in 1668 to the west of the connection of the Molenvliet and the Nieuwe Vaart. The fort replaced the existing post Rijswijk I at the Kali Krokot. During the Chinese uprising in 1740 the soldiers demolished Rijswijk and escaped to Batavia.

In 1741 Governor-General Adriaen Valckenier (1737-1741) gave order to occupy and rebuild the post it was rebuilt as a square stones redoubt with eight cannons to the road along the west side of the Molenvliet. From there it was possible to fire at the roads along the Molenvliet and Nieuwe Vaart. About 1770 fort Rijswijk was extended with a walled area with two half bastions, a guard house, a residence for the post guard, two wooden barracks and an drilling area.

Governor General Herman Willem Daendels (1808-1811) demolished the fort to make space for the construction of camp Weltevreden, which in turn was demolished in the second half of the 20th century.


Sources and literature

anoniem/anonymous, Landmonsterrollen (1691-1790)

Heydt, Johann Wolfgang, Allerneuester Geographische- und Topographischer Schau-platz, von Africa und Ost-Indien (1744)

Knaap, Gerrit, Grote Atlas van de Verenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie II, Java en Madura = Comprehensive Atlas of the United East India Company, II, Java and Madura (2007)